ECDF FAQ

What is the Every Child Deserves a Family Act (ECDF)?

  • EDCF Defined: ECDF is a federal bill that opens up more homes for foster youth by restricting federal funding for states employing discriminatory practices in adoption and foster care placements based on sexual orientation, gender identity, or marital status or the sexual orientation or gender identity of the foster youth involved.

  • Best Interests of the Child: ECDF, a child welfare bill, promotes the best interests of the children in the foster care system by increasing their access to the safe and supportive homes of more than 2,000,000 additional LGBT people who would consider serving as foster or adoptive parents but face barriers due to existing state laws, regulations, and policies prohibiting them from doing so.

Why is ECDF Necessary?

  • Permanency for At-Risk Youth: There are an estimated 400,000 children in the U.S. foster care system, approximately 102,000 of which are available for adoption. The current patchwork of state laws does a disservice to these children by denying them access to permanent, safe, and loving homes. In 2012, 23,500 youth “aged out” of the foster care system.  Research shows that these youth are at a high risk for poverty, homelessness, incarceration, and early parenthood.

  • Children of Color: 58% of children in foster care are children of color, while 26% of children waiting for adoption are black (compared to approximately 13% of the general population).  In order for all children to find permanent, loving homes, state and local adoption agencies need access to all families and potential parents.

  • Categorical Exclusions: No state currently has a statutory ban prohibiting all LGBT people from adopting (Florida, the last state with such a ban, had its ban overturned by a Florida State Appellate Court and the state chose not to appeal the decision). Utah and Arkansas have laws barring individuals who live with unmarried partners (same or different-sex) from adopting or fostering; an Arkansas Supreme Court ruling recently found this law unconstitutional.  Arizona recently passed a law that allows foster and adoptive agencies to give preference to a married man and woman when considering a child’s placement. In 2012, the Virginia state legislature passed a “conscience clause” law, permitting private foster care and adoption agencies to discriminate against children and potential parents based on any written moral or religious policy. In 2013, a Committee of the Michigan Legislature passed a conscience clause law, similar to Virginia's. It has not yet been voted upon by the full House.

  • Lack of Clarity: The majority of states lack non-discrimination policies and remain silent on how prospective LGBT foster and adoptive parents are to be considered. This lack of clear guidance leaves children vulnerable to the individual biases of agencies and case workers and has resulted in children being denied the benefit of being placed with qualified loving LGBT parents.

What Evidence Exists in Support of ECDF?

  • Scientific Research Supports ECDF: More than 30 years of scientific research overwhelmingly confirms that children raised in LGBT-headed households have the same advantages and same expectations for health, social and psychological adjustment, and development as children whose parents are heterosexual.

  • LGBT Parents are Already Raising Children: 3 million lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgender (LGBT) Americans have had a child and as many as 6 million American children and adults have an LGBT parent. Among LGBT adults under 50 living alone or with a spouse or partner, 48% of women and 20% of men are raising a child under 18. 

  • ECDF Makes Fiscal Sense: Increasing adoption rates, as well as establishing permanency and decreasing risk factors for youth in foster care can yield an annual cost savings of between $3 and $6 billion.

Who Supports ECDF?

  • Major Legal, Public Health and Medical Associations, and Civil Rights Advocates Support ECDF: Professional associations in the fields of child welfare, medicine, psychology and public health, and civil rights advocates have taken official positions in support of the ability of qualified LGBT and unmarried couples to foster and adopt. Among these organizations are the Child Welfare League of America, the National Association of Social Workers, North American Council on Adoptable Children, American Psychological Association, American Medical Association, and American Academy of Pediatrics.  A broad coalition of faith groups supports the Ever Child Deserves a Family Act.

  • Public Opinion: Public opinion is changing dramatically. The majority of Americans support increasing the number of foster and adoptive families by allowing LGBT-headed households to foster and adopt.  64% of Americans see a same-sex couple with children as a family, up 10% from 2003.  According to research done by non-partisan Public Religion Research Institute, 6-in-10 (60%) Catholics favor allowing gay and lesbian couples to adopt children.