State By State
For state by state information on same-sex couples raising children and adoption policies, click a link below.
Second-parent adoption is the adoption of a child by a second parent in the home who is not married to the legal parent of the child. A second-parent adoption allows a second parent to adopt a child without the "first parent" losing any parental rights.
Joint adoption is when two people petition to adopt a child together at the same time. All states explicitly allow single people to petition to adopt and married couples to petition to adopt jointly, but only very few states permit unmarried partners to petition to adopt jointly.
Stepparent adoption, or the legal adoption of a child by the spouse of the child's birth or previous adoptive parent, is the most common form of adoption in the U.S.
Same-Sex Couples Raising Children
- 415,000 kids in U.S. foster care system
108,000 eligible for adoption
22,000 "aged out" before finding a family in 2014.
- Same-sex couples raising children are four times more likely than their different-sex counterparts to be raising an adopted child.
- Same-sex couples are six times more likely than their different sex counterparts to be raising foster children.
- Many states still have barriers restricting the ability of LGBT people and same-sex couples to adopt children